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Fitness Tips (Stay Fit)

Exercise for type 1 diabetes

Many benefits can be gained from regular exercise or physical activity, such as better mood, higher quality sleep, and improving various cardiovascular risk factors such as cholesterol and triglycerides. There are some other specific advantages for people with T1D:

― 01
Exercise can improve overall and disease-specific quality of life.

― 02
Regular activity may enhance or improve insulin sensitivity.

― 03
Exercise contributes to an increased metabolism, which plays a role in the regulation of body weight.

― 04
Physical activity lowers blood pressure and heart rate at rest and during submaximal exercise.

― 05
Increases self-efficacy for maintaining normal blood glucose levels by learning about the short- and long-term benefits of optimal control and how to manage blood glucose before, during, and after exercise.

Individuals with T1D

should follow general recommendations for aerobic and resistance training while ensuring that he or she manages his or her blood glucose levels before, during, and after the exercise session.

― 01
Exercise can improve overall and disease-specific quality of life.

― 02
Regular activity may enhance or improve insulin sensitivity.

― 03
Exercise contributes to an increased metabolism, which plays a role in the regulation of body weight.

― 04
Physical activity lowers blood pressure and heart rate at rest and during submaximal exercise.

― 05
Increases self-efficacy for maintaining normal blood glucose levels by learning about the short- and long-term benefits of optimal control and how to manage blood glucose before, during, and after exercise.

Individuals with T1D

should follow general recommendations for aerobic and resistance training while ensuring that he or she manages his or her blood glucose levels before, during and after the exercise session.

― 01
Exercise can improve overall and disease-specific quality of life.

― 02
Regular activity may enhance or improve insulin sensitivity.

― 03
Exercise contributes to an increased metabolism, which plays a role in the regulation of body weight.

― 04
Physical activity lowers blood pressure and heart rate at rest and during submaximal exercise.

― 05
Increases self-efficacy for maintaining normal blood glucose levels by learning about the short- and long-term benefits of optimal control and how to manage blood glucose before, during, and after exercise.

Individuals with T1D

should follow general recommendations for aerobic and resistance training while ensuring that he or she manages his or her blood glucose levels before, during and after the exercise session.

Exercise for type II diabetes

Similar benefits found in T1D also can be seen for those individuals with T2D. In addition to the benefits mentioned earlier, such as better mood, higher quality sleep, and improving cardiovascular risk factors, patients with type 2 diabetes also experience better control of blood glucose and modest weight loss, two factors that can help reverse the signs, symptoms, and even diagnosis of T2D. Benefits of physical activity in T2D can be achieved through a few basic exercise guidelines that establish the frequency, intensity, duration, mode, and rate of progression for aerobic and resistance training.

Aerobic Exercise

Frequency:
Start with a minimum of 3 d/wk of moderate intensity exercise and no more than 2 consecutive days between exercise sessions because of the short duration of improvements in insulin function.

Intensity:
Moderate intensity is between 40% and 60% Heart Rate Reserve, which is similar to brisk walking in most patients with T2D.

Duration:
Moderate intensity exercise for at least 150 min/wk.

Mode:
A variety of types of aerobic exercise that use large muscle groups (i.e., swimming, cycling, walking, running, rowing).

Rate of Progression:
A gradual progression of not more than a 10% increase per week in exercise intensity or duration to minimize the risk of injury and to promote exercise adherence is recommended.

Using Insulin Pump
While exercising

A big advantage of pump use is that you can modify your basal rates to avoid highs and low blood sugars by using a temporary basal.

Depending on the activity, the temporary basal can be decreased a lot or a little and for a short period of time or half a day or more. Talk with your provider for exercise recommendations that are specific for you!

BMI Calculator

Calculations are all in the pdf link below:

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